Get to know Stiff Person Syndrome, a Rare Autoimmune Disease

Stiff person syndrome (SPS), an autoimmune condition, attacks the central nervous systems. This includes the brain and spinal chord. The condition causes stiffening of the muscles, which makes it difficult to move and perform activities.

The stiff person syndrome , also known as the syndrome, is rare and more common in women than it is for men. It is not known what causes this condition. Experts believe that SPS is caused by the body's immune system attacking nerve cells proteins.



SPS has also been linked to type 1 diabetes, vitiligo and pernicious Anemia, as well as certain cancers such as breast cancer, lung cancer, lymphoma, and kidney cancer.

Symptoms Stiff Person Syndrome

The main symptom for stiff person syndromeis that the muscles become stiff. Initial muscle stiffness may feel intermittent. It will occur in specific areas such as the abdomen or chest, pelvis, back, or stomach. Gradually, the stiffness will get more severe and spread to other parts of the body including the arms, legs, and face.

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Some sufferers may experience severe muscle stiffness, including hyperlordosis and kyphosis . If the condition is severe, it can make it difficult for sufferers to move, or even impossible to walk.

Stiffness of the body is often accompanied by muscle spasms. This complaint is usually triggered by stress, loud noises, touch, cold temperatures or exposure. Seizures that are accompanied by stiffness in the muscles can last from seconds to hours.

SPS sufferers can lose control over their bodies if they have severe muscle spasms. SPS sufferers are more likely to experience anxiety and depression.

Treatment for Stiff Person syndrome

There is no treatment that can truly treat stiff individual syndrome. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms so sufferers can continue working and performing their daily tasks normally. Doctors will offer the following treatments to treat SPS:

  • The following medications are available: Sedatives, muscle relaxants (baclofen and gabapentin), seizure medication (levetiracetam, pregabalin), corticosteroid medicines, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
  • Specific therapy such as IVIG, plasmapheresis, or physiotherapy
  • Transplantation of bone marrow

SPS sufferers might also be able to use massage, water treatment, heat therapy or Acupuncture to alleviate muscle stiffness symptoms.

The exact method to avoid stiffperson syndrome has not been discovered. If you feel stiffness or muscle spasms in your torso, arms, and legs, consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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