Recognize Various Vision Impairments in the Elderly

Impaired vision is one of the many health problems that can be associated with aging. The aging process causes impaired vision in seniors. This can lead to a decline in various organ functions, including the eyes.

Seniors with impaired vision may have difficulty seeing and be unable to do daily tasks. They also risk falling injury. Patients can experience depression due to their reduced vision.



Visual Impairment of the Elderly

These are the most common visual impairments among the elderly.

1. Cataract

Cataracts is a condition in which the lens of the eyes becomes cloudy.

  • Blurred vision: This could be caused by seeing smoke, clouds, or colors that appear faded.
  • When you look at a light source, a halo appears.
  • Inability to see clearly in dim lighting
  • Glare at the light when you are looking at it
  • Double vision

2. Presbyopia

Presbyopia refers to nearsightedness that is caused by an aging-related decrease in the elasticity and function of the eyeball muscles. These are the most common complaints experienced by those with visual impairments as they age:

  • Reduced vision at close range
  • Tiredness or discomfort in the eyes
  • Headaches after reading at close range or watching closely

3. Dry eyes

Dry eyes occurs when the tears are not enough to lubricate your eye. The symptoms that can be felt include:

  • Eyes feel itchy, red and hot.
  • Watery eyes from irritation
  • As if you had sand in your eyes
  • Light is very sensitive to the eyes

4. Inflammation and infection

The elderly are more susceptible to infection due to problems in their tear ducts, decreased immunity, and damage to the eye tissue. conjunctivitis, keratitis, and endophthalmitis are all common causes of eye infections in the elderly.

Patients with eye infections often complain of redness, pain, and glare in their eyes.

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5. Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a blockage in fluid flow in the eyeball. The fluid builds up and causes pressure increases in the eyeball. High pressure in the eyeball can cause damage to the visual nerve fibers.

Glaucoma's main symptom is a reduction in field of vision. This is often described as looking through a keyhole. Visual impairment in the elderly is often not noticeable in its early stages. This makes it difficult to diagnose.

6. Retinopathy

Retinopathy, or damage to the retina, are common health problems experienced by seniors.

Retinopathy patients often experience the following symptoms:

  • Blurred vision
  • Floating objects ( floating objects) or black areas in vision
  • It is difficult to distinguish colors
  • Night vision problems

A thorough eye exam is recommended for diabetics, particularly elderly. An eye exam will be performed every 2 years if there is a concern or an early diagnosis of diabetic retinalopathy.

To prevent vision problems in the old years, it is important to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, keep clean, and get enough sleep.

To determine the cause of visual impairment in the elderly and to get the proper treatment, it is a good idea to consult a doctor.


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